Network Standards


I am using Fiber Optic at home, provided by TM = Unifi.
I stayed at a high density area, I complain network / internet slowness – latency, I complain Hypp TV malfunction.  Part of the misery came from the “best-effort” internet speed, and hardware limitation.

Manufacturing plant or warehouse is built on big piece of land, far from town, often in a rural area – we enjoy smooth traffic, less restaurants and compromised internet speed.  Client Server – Local Cloud could be the efficient option one can choose.

Being someone from Cloud Computing, I often think and feel I am on a higher level – for months I tried to avoid the topic about Networking, Client Server.  Looking at the options for warehouse / manufacturing plant, I need to learn.


What is Network?

Answer from Wikipedia:
A computer network or data network is a telecommunications network which allows computers to exchange data. In computer networks, networked computing devices exchange data with each other using a data link. The connections between nodes are established using either cable media or wireless media.


Network – Cable Network, or Wireless Network.



The transmission media used to link devices include:

  • Ethernet Cable – the blue or yellow cable on your office desk
  • Fiber Optic – the transmission media used by TM Unifi
  • Radio waves – the wireless connection

Look at your office desk, the blue or yellow cable, where you can connect to your laptop, or computer – offers instant connection to the Local Area Network.

Ethernet  – simply called as LAN, the cable is simply called as LAN cable.

Ethernet can handle about 10,000,000 bits per second and can be used with almost any kind of computer.


10,000,000 bits per second (bps) = 10 Megabit per second (Mbps) for Ethernet

The media and protocol standards that enable communication between networked devices over Ethernet are defined by IEEE 802.3.


Fast Ethernet

Came across a few tender document / RFQ, there is a growing needs for faster speed.

Fast Ethernet offer higher transmission speeds than Ethernet.

Fast Ethernet defined by IEEE 802.3u.

It has raised the Ethernet speed limit from 10 megabits per second (Mbps) to 100Mbps for Fast Ethernet.


Gigabit Ethernet

Gigabit Ethernet defined by IEEE 802.3z.

It has raised the Fast Ethernet speed limit from 100Mbps to 1000Mbps for Gigabit Ethernet.


After knowing the above, if you are also Malaysian subscribe to TM Unifi Fibre Optic services, you might be interested to know what kind of speed they offer:

[I am using 10Mbps MYR199, 24 months contract]





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